Shaanxi Polytechnic Institute was founded in November of 1950 with the name of Advanced Polytechnic School. Then, the school changed name to Northwest Polytechnic School in 1951.

To Xianyang Machine-Building Industry School in 1953, to Shaanxi Machine-Making School in 1958, to Xianyang Machine-Making School in 1962.

In 1999, the school was upgraded from a Technical Secondary School to a Higher Vocational College, with new name of Shaanxi Polytechnic Institute.

In 2010, Shaanxi Polytechnic Institute combined with Shaanxi Textile and Fashion Vocational College, remains the name of Shaanxi Polytechnic Institute